Abbey Road Studios

From Academic Kids

Abbey Road Studios, created in November of 1931 by EMI in London, England, is best known as the legendary recording studio used by the rock bands, Cliff Richard and The Shadows and The Beatles. The studios are located in Abbey Road, in St John's Wood in the City Of Westminster.

Missing image
The iconic album cover. The studios are just off the picture to the left.
Built as a Georgian town house in 1831, the premises were acquired by The Gramophone Company in 1931 and converted into studios. The neighbouring house is also owned by the studio and used to house musicians. The Gramophone Company later amalgamated with Columbia Records to form EMI which took over the studios. The studios were then known as EMI studios until they changed their name to Abbey Road Studios formally in the 1970s.

Studio Two at Abbey Road became a centre of rock music in 1958 when Cliff Richard and the Drifters (later Cliff Richard and The Shadows), recorded Move It, arguably the first European rock 'n' roll single. It also witnessed the beginnings of a change from "rock 'n' roll" to "Rock". In the time between 1958 and 1963, Cliff Richard and The Shadows rejuvenated the studios, breaking with convention, originating overnight recording sessions, allowing new recording techniques. The group opened up the studios to loud, heavy guitar driven music, allowing an easy entrance for the not quite so "heavy rockish" sounds of the Beatles. The Beatles also found great success in Studio Two, and during the early to mid '60s, the Beatles and Cliff and The Shadows became almost like joint owners of the studio, with friendly battles for recording time.

The Beatles also named their 1969 album, Abbey Road, after the studio. The cover photo for that album was taken outside Abbey Road studios. The Shadows named their Live At Abbey Road album after the studio, with the cover spoofing the Beatles' album. Studio Two was also used by Pink Floyd (Dark Side of the Moon), the Hollies, Manfred Mann, the Seekers, Gerry and the Pacemakers, Martin Briley and others.

The chief mastering engineer at Abbey Road is Chris "Vinyl" Blair, who started his career early on as a tape deck operator. He worked his way up the ranks to get to the top. A highlight of Chris's career was receiving an award for Radiohead's Kid A.

Film scores

Abbey Road Studios got its start in the film scoring business in 1980, when Anvil Post Production formed a partnership with the studio, called Anvil-Abbey Road Screen Sound. The partnership started when Anvil was left without a scoring stage when Korda Studios were demolished. It ended in 1984, when EMI merged with Thorn to become Thorn EMI.

Abbey Road's success in the scoring business continued after the partnership ended. Films whose scores were recorded at the studios include:

Abbey Road Film Festival

In March/April 2005 Abbey Road Studios held a film festival. It included a tour of Studio One and Studio Two (excluding control rooms). They displayed several films in Studio One associated with the studio and a photographic exhibition in Studio Two. Also on display were several microphones, two upright pianos and a Hammond Organ.

External link

fr:Studios Abbey Road he:אולפני אבי רוד


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