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Air Canada

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox Company

Air Canada, Template:Airline codes is owned by ACE Aviation Holdings Inc. Template:Tsx and is Canada's flag air carrier, headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. Its main hub is at Lester B. Pearson International Airport. It has a Pacific hub at Vancouver International Airport, and another hub in Montral/Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport. Calgary International Airport is a mini-hub in Western Canada. Air Canada's regional partners include Air Canada Jazz, Air Labrador, Air Georgian, and Central Mountain Air. There is also a premium jet charter service for corporate and professional sports teams called Air Canada Jetz. It was once touted as the world's safest airline.

Contents

History

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Future Air Canada Boeing 777 and 787 Airliners. This is the current color scheme. The airline's pilot union has rejected agreements forcing the airline to cancel the order.

Created as a subsidiary of Canadian National Railway (CNR), Trans-Canada Airlines (TCA) launched its first flight, using a Lockheed 10A, on September 1, 1937 carrying two passengers and mail from Vancouver to Seattle. In 1964, the future Prime Minister of Canada Jean Chrtien submitted a private member's bill to change the name of the airline from Trans-Canada Airlines to Air Canada. This bill failed on its first attempt but was resubmitted and passed on its second attempt. The name change was effective January 1, 1965. In a late 1970s reorganization at CNR, Air Canada became an independent Crown corporation. In 1989, Air Canada was completely privatised, the federal government no longer having any share in the company. Today, Air Canada provides scheduled and charter air transportation for passengers and cargo to over 150 destinations, vacation packages to over 90 destinations, as well as maintenance, ground handling and training services to other airlines.

On September 2, 1998 pilots for Air Canada launched the first pilots' strike in company history. In 2000 after acquiring Canada's second largest air carrier, Canadian Airlines, it became the world's twelfth largest commercial airline.

As of 2002, Air Canada provides scheduled and chartered passenger jet service directly to 20 Canadian cities, 35 destinations in the United States and 47 cities in Asia, Australia, the Caribbean, Europe, Mexico, India, and South America. Air Canada averages nearly 740 flights each day, and serves 23 million customers annually. It is a member in the Star Alliance network, a grouping of 16 airlines (as full members, plus some additional sponsored members) offering seamless travel worldwide. Together, Star Alliance carriers serve 729 airports in 124 countries. Air Canada has about 40,000 employees and 306 aircraft. Air Canada codeshares services on other Star carriers, such as bmi's Toronto to Manchester, United Kingdom flight.

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Air Canada Airbus A330. This colour scheme was phased out in 2004.
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Air Canada A340-300
Air Canada Boeing 767
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Air Canada Boeing 767
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Air_Canada_747-400.jpg
Air Canada Boeing 747. Air Canada has since retired its entire 747 fleet.

In 2004 Air Canada had 78 wide-body jets including the Boeing 767, Airbus A330-300, A340-300, and A340-500, 122 narrow-body jets: Airbus A320, A319, A321, and 111 regional and commuter aircraft: Canadair Regional Jet, BAe 146 and de Havilland Canada Dash 8. In September 2004, the airline confirmed orders for 45 Brazilian Embraer 190 aircraft and 30 additional Canadair Regional Jets.

On April 1 2003, Air Canada filed for bankruptcy protection. Air Canada finally emerged from bankruptcy protection on September 30, 2004, 19 months later. ACE Aviation Holdings Inc., is the new parent company under which the reorganized Air Canada is held.

In October 2003, Air Canada became the only airline to launch a non-stop flight between North America and India when it launched daily flights from Lester B. Pearson Airport in Toronto to Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi.

In October 2004, the airline unveiled its new in-flight service products, new aircraft livery. The new theme song You and I are meant to fly is sung by Cline Dion.

On October 31st, 2004, the last Air Canada Boeing 747 flight landed in Toronto, ending more than 30 years of 747 service with the airline. The remaining Boeing 747-400s that were previously in service have been superseded by the 500-series Airbus A340.

On April 25, 2005, Air Canada announced that it would renew its entire wide body fleet over several years by purchasing a mixture of Boeing 777 Worldliner and Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft. The order includes a firm order for 32 aircraft (18 777s and 14 787s) plus options for 64 more aircraft (18 777s and 46 787s), totalling 96 aircraft. The first 777s, 777-300ERs, begin arriving in 2006 and the first 787s begin arriving in 2010. Among the 777's to be delivered to Air Canada, there are some specialized, freighter versions, making Air Canada the launch customer of the Boeing 777 cargo version.


However, on June 18, 2005 the Boeing wide body fleet order has been cancelled, due to the rejection by the union membership of Air Canada Pilots Association (ACPA) over the costs and other issues.

Accidents

Destinations

See full article: Air Canada destinations

Current Fleet

The Air Canada fleet consists of the following aircraft (as of April 2005):

In addition, the following aircraft are utilized under the Air Canada Jazz regional airline banner:

Historical Fleet

Other facts of interest

  • During the middle 1990s, Air Canada repainted one of their jets to reflect the Trans-Canada livery.
  • Air Canada is the official carrier of the Toronto Raptors basketball team. One of its Airbus A320's was repainted to honour the team.
  • Its safety record rates "A", the highest grade possible, according to Air Rankings Online [1] (http://www.airsafetyonline.com/safetycenter/reportcard.shtml).
  • Air Canada's parent company, ACE Aviation Holdings Inc. is listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the stock symbol, ACE.RV.
  • Air Canada unveiled a new aircraft colour scheme, and blue uniforms, on 19 October 2004. A Boeing 767-300 was painted in a silvery colour with a blue tint. The green tail has been replaced with the same silvery paint, but retains a version of the red maple leaf.

Subsidiaries

  • In 2001, Air Canada consolidated AirBC, Air Nova, Air Ontario and Canadian Regional into Air Canada Jazz a wholly owned subsidiary.
  • In 2002, Air Canada launched Zip, a discount airline to compete directly with Westjet on routes in Western Canada. Zip operated as a separate airline with its own staff, and had brightly painted aircraft. It also was disbanded in 2004.
  • Launched in 2002, Air Canada Jetz still exists as a charter service for sports teams and professionals.

See also

External links

Template:Commons


Members of the Star Alliance
Air Canada | Air New Zealand | ANA | Asiana Airlines | Austrian Airlines
bmi | LOT Polish Airlines | Lufthansa | SAS | Singapore Airlines
Spanair | TAP Portugal | Thai Airways | United Airlines | US Airways | Varig

Regional Members: Adria Airways | Blue1 | Croatia Airlines

Future Members: South African Airways | Swiss


Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers

Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation

de:Air Canada

es:Air Canada fr:Air Canada ja:エア・カナダ no:Air Canada pt:Air Canada

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