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Balearic Islands

From Academic Kids

Comunitat Autònoma de les
Illes Balears
Comunidad Autónoma de las Illes Balears
Image:Balearen.gif
Missing image
Locator_map_of_Balearic.png
Image:Locator map of Balearic.png

Capital Palma de Mallorca
Official languages Catalan and Castilian
Area
 – Total
 – % of Spain
Ranked 17th
 4 992 km²
 1,0%
Population
 – Total (2003)
 – % of Spain
 – Density
Ranked 14th
 916 968
 2,2%
 183,69/km²
Demonym
 – English
 – Catalan
 – Spanish

Balearic
balear
balear
Statute of Autonomy March 1, 1983
ISO 3166-2 IB
Parliamentary
representation

 Congress seats
 Senate seats
 8
 5
President Jaume Matas Palou (PP)
Govern de les Illes Balears (http://www.caib.es)

The Balearic Islands (Illes Balears Catalan official name, Islas Baleares in Spanish) are an archipelago in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the coast of Spain. They form one of the provinces of Spain, the Autonomous Community of the Balearic Islands. The province's capital city is Palma de Mallorca.

The official languages are Catalan and Spanish. The Catalan name Illes Balears is used by the Spanish government.

The main islands are Majorca (Mallorca), Minorca (Menorca), Ibiza (Eivissa), and Formentera, all popular tourist destinations.

Among the minor islands is Cabrera, which is the location of the Parque Nacional del Archipilago de Cabrera.

Majorca and Minorca are the Balearic Islands proper, while the other islands are included in the appelation as part of the province. The islands can be further grouped, with Majorca, Minorca, and Cabrera as the Illes Gimnesias, and Ibiza and Formentera as the Illes Pitises.

Historically they have been invaded by the Romans, the Vandals, the Byzantines, the Arabs, and the Catalan-Aragonese. The Catalan-Aragonese initially ruled the Balearics as the vassal Kingdom of Mallorca, and in 1344 incorporated it directly into the Aragonese kingdom, which was later absorbed into Spain.

Minorca was a British dependency in the 18th century.

Illes Balears sponsors a professional cycling team in the UCI ProTour.

Missing image
Espanyamusulmana1.png
Catalan-Aragones Kingdom on the VIII century

See also

Map of the Balearic Islands
Enlarge
Map of the Balearic Islands


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