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Calcareous sponge

From Academic Kids

Calcareous sponges
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Porifera
Class:Calcarea
Orders

The Calcareous sponges belong to the Class Calcarea and are characterized by spicules made out of calcium carbonate (calcite). If one were to look at a poriferan spicule under the microscope, it might resemble the mercedes-benz emblem. Indeed, this is how the spicules in the calcaerous sponges look. However, instead of the common three-pointedstar shape, calcaerous spicules can be four-pointed.

All sponges in this class are strictly marine dwellers. All three body plans are represented within class Calcarea : asconoid, syconoid, and leuconoid. Typically, the Calcarea are very small, ranging from 3-4 inches in height. Of the 15,000 or so species of Porfiera that exist, only 150 of those are Calcaerous.

Calcareous sponge is a class of the Phylum Porifera. The species of Calcarea varies from radially symmetrical vase-shaped body types to colonies made up of a reticulum of thin tubes or irregular massive forms. Calcareous sponges are generally characterized by their endoskeleton made up of spicules, they are sedentary filter feeders, lacking any real tissues. Calcareous sponges are most commonly found in shallow tropical waters. Generally, Calcarea are small sponges. The different shapes of calcareous sponges are relatively simple, either purse, vase, pear or cylinder-shaped. The skeleton has a either a mesh or honeycomb structure. Unlike most other sponges, calcareous sponges lack hollow canals, which makes the sponge stronger.cs:Vápenatí de:Kalkschwämme fr:Éponges calcaires

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