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Counties of Sweden

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NUTS:SE
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A County, or Län, is an administrative and political subdivision of Sweden. Sweden is divided into 21 counties, and in each county there is a County Administrative Board as well as a County Council. The County Administrative Board, or Länsstyrelse, is appointed by the Government to coordinate administration with national political goals for the County. The County Council on the other hand is a regional government, i.e. a political assembly appointed by the electorate to deliberate on the municipal affairs of the County, primarily regarding the public health care system.


List of counties

Counties of Sweden

Missing image
Blekinge_county.png
Blekinge

Missing image
Dalarna_county.png
Dalarna

Gotland
Missing image
Gävleborg_county.png
Gävleborg

Halland Jämtland
Jönköping Kalmar Missing image
Kronoberg.png
Kronoberg


Norrbotten Missing image
Skåne_county.png
Skåne

Stockholm
Södermanland Uppsala Värmland
Västernorrland Västerbotten Missing image
Västmanland_county.png
Västmanland


Västra Götaland Östergötland Missing image
Örebro_county.png
Örebro

Each county is further divided into a total of 290 Municipalities or Kommuner (2004).

History

The Counties were established in 1634 on count Axel Oxenstierna's initiative, superseding the Provinces of Sweden to introduce a modern administration. The most significant change to the county system took place when Sweden, after the Finnish War, was forced to cede the Eastern counties to Russia in the Treaty of Fredrikshamn (1809). Despite this the county reform survived in Finland until a reform in 1997 and still survives in Sweden, 370 years hence.

The counties established in what is now Finland in 1634 were Åbo and Björneborg County, Nyland and Tavastehus County, Viborg and Nyslott County, Österbotten County and Kexholm County. Over time the number of subdivisions in Finland increased to twelve, until a reorganization in 1997reduced their number to six provinces, while keeping the administrative model intact.

Abolished counties in current day Sweden proper includes Gothenburg and Bohus County, Skaraborg County, Älvsborg County, Malmöhus County, Kristianstad County, Norrland County, Härnösand County, Hudiksvall County and Öland County.

Older subdivisions

The provinces of Sweden, or landskap, and the lands of Sweden, or landsdelar, lack political importance today but are culturally of great significance. The division into the lands of Götaland, Svealand and Norrland is commonly used as a geographical reference.

Riksområden

The European Union is divided into a Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS), where the counties in Sweden correspond the third level of division. For the purpose of creating regions corresponding to the second level, counties has been grouped into eight Riksområden, or National Areas: Stockholm, East Middle Sweden, North Middle Sweden, Middle Norrland, Upper Norrland, Småland and the islands, West Sweden and South Sweden.

See also

External links

da:Sveriges provinser de:Län es:Organización político-administrativa de Suecia fr:Comtés de la Suède nl:Län no:Sveriges len pl:Län sv:Län

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