Gothic alphabet

From Academic Kids

This article is about the 4th century alphabet of the Gothic bible. Blackletter typefaces for the Latin alphabet are sometimes referred to as "Gothic script".
Missing image
Ulfilas_Alphabet.jpg
Representation of the Gothic alphabet surrounding its inventor Ulfilas

The Gothic alphabet is an alphabetic writing system attributed to Wulfila used exclusively for writing the ancient Gothic language. Before its creation, Gothic was possibly written in runes. It was primarily used by Wulfilas to translate the Bible into Gothic. It appears to be derived from the Greek alphabet with some borrowings from the Latin one. The names clearly derive from the names of runes.

Contents

The letters

Template:Alphabet Below is a table of the Gothic alphabet. Two non-English letters are used in its transliteration: (iu, thorn) and Template:Unicode (hwair). These represent sounds like the th in thin and a breathy wh respectively. The is used to write Old English and Icelandic. The letter hwair is transcribed by Template:Unicode, a h+v ligature created for this purpose, and used only to transcribe Gothic.

As with the Greek alphabet, there were no numbers; letters served dual purposes. They are generally written with an overdot or overbar when serving as numbers. Two of the letters are used only as numbers.

The letter names are recorded in a 9th century manuscript of Alcuin. Most of them seem to be Gothic forms of names also appearing in the rune poems. The names are given in the reconstructed form of the Gothic words, followed by the spelling of their actual attestation.

Missing image
Gothic_alphabet.png
letter values of the Gothic alphabet
Letter Translit. Name IPA Numeric value
𐌰aahsa / aza/a, a:/1
𐌱bbairkan / bercna/b/2
𐌲ggiba / geuua/g/3
𐌳ddags / daaz/d, ð/4
𐌴eaiƕus (aihvus) / eyz/e, e:/5
𐌵qqairþra (qairthra) / qertra6
𐌶zezec/z/7
𐌷hhagl / haal/h/8
𐌸þ, thþiuþ (thiuth) / thyth/θ/9
𐌹ieis / iiz /i, i:/10
𐌺kkusma / chozma/k/20
𐌻llagus / laaz/l/30
𐌼mmanna/m/40
𐌽nnauþs (nauths) / noicz/n/50
𐌾jjer / gaar/j/60
𐌿uurus / uraz/u, u:/70
𐍀ppairþra (pairthra) / pertra/p/80
𐍁 koppa 90
𐍂rraida / reda/r/100
𐍃ssauil / sugil/s/200
𐍄tteiws / tyz/t/300
𐍅wwinja / uuinne/w, y/400
𐍆ffaihu / fe/f/500
𐍇xiggws / enguz600
𐍈Template:Unicode, hv, hwTemplate:Unicodeair (hvair) / uuaer700
𐍉ooþal (othal) / utal/o, o:/800
𐍊 sampi 900

Character encoding

The Gothic alphabet is encoded in Unicode in the range U+10330U+1034F. As older software often assumes that all Unicode codepoints can be expressed as 16 bit numbers (smaller than U+10000), problems may be encountered using the Gothic alphabet Unicode range. See got:Wikipedia:Gothic_Unicode_Fonts

See also

External links

he:אלפבית גותי pl:Alfabet gocki pt:Alfabeto gtico

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