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Guanajuato

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Guanajuato is the name of both a state in Mexico and that state's capital city. This article is about the state. For the city, see Guanajuato, Guanajuato.
ESTADO DE GUANAJUATO
Missing image
SantaFe.jpg


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GuanajuatoState.png
Image:GuanajuatoState.png


Other Mexican States
CapitalGuanajuato, Gto.
Other major citiesLeón,
Salamanca,
list of municipalities
Area30,491 km²
Ranked 22nd
Population
(2000 census)
4,656,760
Ranked 6th
Governor
(2000-06)
Juan Carlos Romero Hicks (PAN/PVEM)
Federal Deputies (15) PAN = 12
PRI/PVEM = 2
PRD = 1
Federal SenatorsPAN = 2
PRI = 1
ISO 3166-2
Postal abbr.
MX-GUA
Gto.

Guanajuato is a state in the central highlands of Mexico. It shares its name with its capital and main city, Guanajuato, Guanajuato.

The state of Guanajuato borders the states of San Luis Potosí, Querétaro, Michoacán, and Jalisco. It has an area of 30,589 km² (about 11,800 square miles). In 2003 the state had an estimated population of about 4,855,000 people.

After central Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico coast, Guanajuato was one of the first areas of Mexico colonized by the Spanish, in the 1520s, for its rich silver deposits. Today, Guanajuato's mines are still among the richest-producing silver mines in the world. The state also produces tin, gold, copper, lead, mercury, and opals.

In addition to the state capital city of Guanajuato, the state includes the cities of Acámbaro, Celaya, León, Salamanca, Irapuato, San Miguel de Allende, and Dolores Hidalgo, the cradle of Mexican independence.

The state of Guanajuato accounts for more than its proportional share of economic migrations of workers to the United States and Canada. Among the areas favoured by migrants from this part of Mexico are the U.S. cities of Evanston, Illinois, and La Habra, California.

Municipalities

Guanajuato is subdivided into 46 municipalities (municipios). See municipalities of Guanajuato.

External links


da:Guanajuato (stat)

de:Guanajuato (Bundesstaat) es:Guanajuato fr:État de Guanajuato it:Guanajuato ja:グアナファト州 pt:Guanajuato (Estado)

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