Haapsalu

From Academic Kids

Haapsalu (Swedish & German: Hapsal) is a resort town on the west coast of Estonia. It has been well-known for centuries for its warm seawater, curative mud and peaceful atmosphere. Narrow streets with early twentieth century wooden houses bring you to the sea again and again. Haapsalu has been called the 'Nordic Venice' due to this plentitude of water.

The town dates back to 1279, when it was chartered and became the centre of the Saare-Lne Bishopric, as it remained for the next 300 years. Buildings from those early days remain today, including the Episcopal castle which has the biggest single-nave cathedral in the Baltic states.

For many years, the sea mud has been claimed by locals to have a curative effect. A military doctor, Carl Abraham Hunnius, founded the first mud cure resort in 1825. News of the curative mud quickly reached the aristocracy of St. Petersburg. Ever since then, Haapsalu has been a popular summer destination where people from all around the world come for medical treatment. Today, there are three mud cure establishments in Haapsalu — varying in size and location.

In the 19th century, Haapsalu became famous for its shawls — a delicate handicraft made by local women. The Land of Ilon Wikland (Wiklandia), a recreation centre for children is set to open this year. This world famous book illustrator has been involved with Haapsalu since her childhood. It is going to take some years to complete the project, but there is no doubt it will be a success.

Culture

In august there takes place August Blues Festival.

External Links

et:Haapsalu ro:Haapsalu ru:Хаамсалу lt:Hapsalus sv:Haapsalu

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