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Mahzor

From Academic Kids

The mahzor (machzor in Hebrew, pl. machzorim) is the prayer book used by religious Jews on the High Holy Days (Yamim Noraim, "The Days of Awe")of Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, and the three "Pilgrim Festivals" (shalosh regalim) of Passover, Shavuot, and Sukkot. It is a specialized form of the siddur, the prayerbook used by Jews the world over.

Developing the mahzor from the siddur

Some of the earliest formal printed Jewish prayerbooks date from the 10th century; they contain a set order of daily prayers. However, there are many liturgical variations and additions that Jews add to the prayer service for the High Holy Days (Yamim Noraim, "The Days of Awe"), Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur. As such, a special siddur has developed for just this period, the mahzor.

A machzor contains not only the basic liturgy, but also many piyutim, Hebrew liturgical poems. Many of the prayers in the machzor, including those said daily or weekly on the Sabbath, have special meleodies sung only on the holidays. The machzor contains only text and no musical notation and the melodies, some of which are ancient, have been passed down orally.

See also

Jewish services, Siddur, Artscroll, Jewish holiday.

External links

  • Mahzor (http://www.judaica-guide.com/machzor-mahzor.htm)- on Judaica Guide.
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