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Marseille

From Academic Kids

Marseilles redirects here. There is also Marseilles, Illinois.

Template:Marseille infobox Marseille (English alternate spelling Marseilles) (pronounced in standard French, in local Marseilles accent) (Provençal: Marsiho or Marsilha, both pronounced ) is the second largest city in France, with 1,516,340 inhabitants in the metropolitan area at the 1999 census. Located in the former province of Provence and on the Mediterranean Sea, it is France's largest commercial port and the largest in the Mediterranean.

Marseille is the capital of the Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur région, as well as the préfecture (capital) of the Bouches-du-Rhône département.

Contents

History

Marseille was founded in 600 BC by Greeks as a trading port under the name Μασσαλία (Massalia). It was overrun by Celts and then conquered by the Romans. During the Roman times, it was called Massilia.

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Marseille_harbor_27-0157a.gif
Marseille's harbor after WWII

Economy

Marseille has a large and busy harbor.

Culture

The French rap band IAM is from Marseille.

The most widely circulated tarot deck comes from Marseille; it is called the Tarot de Marseille, and was used to play the local variant of tarocchi before it came to the notice of people who used it in cartomancy.

The French national anthem "La Marseillaise" is named for the Revolutionary troops from Marseille.

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Madonna_and_Child_Marseille.jpg
Madonna and Child statue on the Basilique Notre Dame de la Garde.

Demographics

Marseille is known for its very large North African, particularly Algerian, Muslim/Arab population.

Attractions

Miscellaneous

The metro is rubber-tired.

The city's main football club is Olympique de Marseille, UEFA Champions League winner in 1993 but tainted by the 1990s match fixing scandal by then-owner Bernard Tapie.

Marseille was the birthplace of:

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Musée_des_Beaux_Arts_Marseille.jpg
Musée des Beaux Arts, Marseille.
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Jeanne_d'arc_Marseille.jpg
Jeanne d'arc statue in Marseille.

See also

External links

ca:Marsella da:Marseille de:Marseille es:Marsella eo:Marsejlo fr:Marseille it:Marsiglia ja:マルセイユ la:Massilia nl:Marseille no:Marseille pl:Marsylia pt:Marselha ro:Marsilia fi:Marseille sv:Marseille

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