Newton, Massachusetts

From Academic Kids

Newton, Massachusetts is a suburb west of Boston. It is known for its exceptional public schools and other public services. According to the 2000 census, the population of the city was 83,829.

Based on statistics reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Newton was the nation's safest city during 2003 and 2004. The designation is based on crime statistics in six categories: murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, and auto theft. [1] (http://www.morganquitno.com/cit05pop.htm#25)

Contents

History and culture

Newton was settled in 1630 as part of Watertown. It became a separate town known as Cambridge Village in 1688. It was renamed Newtown in 1691 and finally Newton in 1766. It became a city in 1873.

In 2004, Newton was named Nation's Safest City for 2003.

Newton is home to Boston College, located in the city's historic village of Chestnut Hill. There are several other institutions of higher education in the city including Andover Newton Theological School, Aquinas College, Lasell College, Hebrew College, the Fessenden School, and Mount Ida College.

The city also has two symphony orchestras, the New Philharmonia and the Newton Symphony Orchestra. The Newton Free Library possesses more than 500,000 volumes of print materials (2004), as well as art, both original and prints, sound recordings and videos. Newton North High School and Newton South High School are the two public high schools in Newton.

The Jackson Homestead, now The Newton History Museum at the Jackson Homestead, was once a farmhouse in the Federal style built in Newton in 1809. It is now a museum with paintings, costumes, photographs, manuscripts, maps and historical artifacts. It was also a stop on the underground railroad.

The Fig Newton cookie is named after the city. Also, the Stanley Steamer automobile was manufactured in Newton.

Notable people from Newton

Transportation

Newton is best-known as a bedroom community for commuters to Boston, in spite of considerable commercial and manufacturing activity of its own. It is well-served by three modes of mass transit, the MBTA light rail, commuter rail, and bus service. The light rail line, running through the center of the city, makes very frequent 30-minute trips to downtown Boston. The commuter rail, serving the northern villages of Newton that are proximate to Waltham, offers less frequent service to Boston. It runs from every half-an-hour during peak times to every couple of hours otherwise. Express busses downtown via the Pike run frequently during commuting hours, also from the northern villages.

Newton is on the Massachusetts Turnpike.

Location

Newton is located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, at 42°20'16" North, 71°12'36" West (42.337713, -71.209936)Template:GR. The city is bordered by Waltham and Watertown on the north, Needham and the West Roxbury neighborhood of Boston on the south, Wellesley and Weston on the west, and Brookline and the Brighton neighborhood of Boston on the east.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 47.1 km² (18.2 mi²). 46.7 km² (18.0 mi²) of it is land and 0.4 km² (0.2 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.82% water.

Newton has no single city center, but is divided up into "villages", each with a name and a small "downtown" of its own. Although some of the villages have a post office, they have no legal definition and no firmly defined borders. The villages are Newton Corner, Newtonville, West Newton, Nonantum (also called Silver Lake), Newton Upper Falls, Newton Lower Falls (both on the Charles River, which winds through the city), Newton Centre (with this spelling), Waban, Auburndale, Chestnut Hill, Newton Highlands, Oak Hill, Thompsonville. The city is sometimes called "The Newtons". See The Thirteen Villages of Newton (http://www.newtoncitizens.com/villages.shtml).

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 83,829 people, 31,201 households, and 20,499 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,793.2/km² (4,643.6/mi²). There are 32,112 housing units at an average density of 686.9/km² (1,778.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 88.07% White, 7.68% Asian, 1.97% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. 2.52% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 31,201 households out of which 31.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.2% are married couples living together, 8.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% are non-families. 25.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.51 and the average family size is 3.04.

In the city the population is spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 82.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $86,052, and the median income for a family is $125,289. Males have a median income of $65,565 versus $46,885 for females. The per capita income for the city is $45,708. 4.3% of the population and 2.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 4.8% of those under the age of 18 and 5.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

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