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Pattani Province

From Academic Kids

Pattani
ปัตตานี
Statistics
Capital:Pattani
Area:1,940.4 km²
Ranked 67th
Inhabitants:595,985 (2000)
Ranked 39th
Pop. density:307 inh./km²
Ranked 9th
ISO 3166-2:TH-94
Map
Map of Thailand highlighting Pattani Province

Pattani (Thai ปัตตานี) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from south-east clockwise) Narathiwat, Yala and Songkhla.

Contents

Geography

Pattani is located on the Malay Peninsula, with the coast of the Gulf of Thailand in the north. In the south mountainous landscape with the Sankalakhiri mountain range, including the Budo-Sungai Padi national park, is located at the border to Yala and Narathiwat, protecting hill forests with rare vegetation such as the Bangsoon palm and Takathong rattan, as well as birds like the hornbill. Namtok Sai Khao on the border with Songkhla and Yala is a forest park, remarkable for the Sai Khao waterfall.

History

Historically Pattani was the centre of the semi-independent Malay Pattani kingdom, but paying tribute to the Thai kingdoms of Sukhothai and Ayutthaya. After Ayutthaya fell in 1767 Pattani gained full independence, but under King Rama I it again came under Siam's control. In 1909, it was annexed by Siam as part of a treaty negotiated with the British Empire. Both Yala and Narathiwat were originally part of Pattani, but were split off and became provinces of their own. There exists a separatist movement in Pattani, which after being dormant for many years erupted again in 2004.

Demographics

Pattani is one of the four provinces of Thailand where the majority of the population are Malay Muslim, making up 88% of the population. The Pattani Malays are very similar in ethnicity and culture to the Malays of Kelantan, Malaysia.

Symbols

Missing image
Seal_Pattani.png
Seal of the province

The seal of the province shows the cannon called Phraya Tani, which was cast in the Pattani province. It was brought to Bangkok in 1785, and is now on display in front of the Ministry of Defence in Bangkok.

The provincial flower is the Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), and the provincial tree the Ironwood (Hopea odorata).

Administrative divisions

Missing image
Amphoe_Pattani.png
Map of Amphoe

Pattani is subdivided into 12 districts (Amphoe), which are further subdivided into 115 communes (tambon) and 629 villages (mubaan).

  1. Mueang Pattani
  2. Khok Pho
  3. Nong Chik
  4. Panare
  5. Mayo
  6. Thung Yang Daeng

  1. Sai Buri
  2. Mai Kaen
  3. Yaring
  4. Yarang
  5. Mae Lan
  6. Kapho

External links


edit  (http://search.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php?title=Template:Provinces_of_Thailand&action=edit) Provinces of Thailand Flag of Thailand
North: Chiang Mai | Chiang Rai | Kamphaeng Phet | Lampang | Lamphun | Mae Hong Son | Nakhon Sawan | Nan | Phayao | Phetchabun | Phichit | Phitsanulok | Phrae | Sukhothai | Tak | Uthai Thani | Uttaradit
North-East: Amnat Charoen | Buriram | Chaiyaphum | Kalasin | Khon Kaen | Loei | Maha Sarakham | Mukdahan | Nakhon Phanom | Nakhon Ratchasima | Nongbua Lamphu | Nong Khai | Roi Et | Sakon Nakhon | Sisaket | Surin | Ubon Ratchathani | Udon Thani | Yasothon
Central: Ang Thong | Ayutthaya | Bangkok | Chachoengsao | Chainat | Kanchanaburi | Lopburi | Nakhon Nayok | Nakhon Pathom | Nonthaburi | Pathum Thani | Prachinburi | Phetchaburi | Prachuap Khiri Khan | Ratchaburi | Sa Kaeo | Samut Prakan | Samut Sakhon | Samut Songkhram | Saraburi | Sing Buri | Suphanburi
South: Chumphon | Krabi | Nakhon Si Thammarat | Narathiwat | Pattani | Phang Nga | Phattalung | Phuket | Ranong | Satun | Songkhla | Surat Thani | Trang | Yala
East: Chanthaburi | Chonburi | Rayong | Trat
fr:Province de Pattani

ja:パッターニー県 ms:Wilayah Pattani nl:Changwat Pattani th:จังหวัดปัตตานี

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