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Scandinavian Airlines System

From Academic Kids

Scandinavian Airlines System, now SAS AB, is an airline based in Stockholm, Sweden. It is a multi-national airline for Norway, Denmark and Sweden and is currently the leading carrier in the Nordic countries. It is also a founding member of the Star Alliance. It operates out of two primary hubs, Stockholm-Arlanda Airport (ARN) and Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup (CPH). Oslo Airport, Gardermoen (OSL) is serviced mainly with connections from the Swedish and Danish SAS hubs.

Contents

Code Data

  • IATA Code: SK
  • ICAO Code: SAS
  • Callsign: Scandinavian
SAS Scandinavian Airlines Logo
SAS Airbus A340-300
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SAS Airbus A340-300
SAS MD-82
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SAS MD-82
SAS Boeing 737-600
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SAS Boeing 737-600

History

The airline was founded on 1 August 1946 when the flag carriers of Denmark, Sweden and Norway formed a partnership to handle intercontinental traffic to Scandinavia. Operations started on 17 September 1946. The companies then started coordination of European operations in 1948 and finally merged to form the current SAS Consortium in 1951. When established the airline was divided between SAS Danmark (28.6%), SAS Norge (28.6%) and SAS Sweden (42.8%), all owned 50% by private investors and 50% by their respective governments. SAS gradually acquired control of the domestic markets in all three countries by acquiring full or partial control of several local airlines. In May 1997 SAS formed the global Star Alliance network with Air Canada, Lufthansa, Thai Airways International and United Airlines. The ownership structure of SAS was changed in June 2001, with a holding company being created in which the holdings of the governments changed to: Sweden (21.4%), Norway (14.3%) and Denmark (14.3%) and the remaining 50% publicly held and traded on the stock market. It employs 9147 staff.

Subsidiary Airlines

SAS fully owns: SAS Cargo, Snowflake, Braathens in Norway and Blue1 in Finland. It also has stakes in Wideroe (99.6%) in Norway, Spanair (94.9%) in Spain, Estonian Air (49%), Air Baltic (47.2%) in Latvia, Air Greenland (37.5%), Aerolineas de Baleares (25%), Skyways Holdings (25%) and BMI British Midland (20%).

On 30 March 2003, the Snowflake low-cost airline subsidiary started operations to provide services to destinations in southern Europe. It eventually evolved into a "fares brand", ceased separate operations in 2004 and all operations are now on SAS aircraft.

Services

For a comprehensive list of SAS services see Scandinavian Airlines System destinations.

Incidents and Accidents

The worst accident of SAS happened in 2001 in Milan, Italy, when its McDonnell Douglas MD-87 plane collided with a small Cessna jet during take-off and left 114 people dead. It has been established that the cause of the accident was a misunderstanding between air traffic controllers and the Cessna jet, and that the SAS crew had no role in causing the accident.

Fleet

The SAS fleet consists of the following aircraft (at May 2005):

External links

Template:Commons


Members of the Star Alliance
Air Canada | Air New Zealand | ANA | Asiana Airlines | Austrian Airlines
bmi | LOT Polish Airlines | Lufthansa | SAS | Singapore Airlines
Spanair | TAP Portugal | Thai Airways | United Airlines | US Airways | Varig

Regional Members: Adria Airways | Blue1 | Croatia Airlines

Future Members: South African Airways | Swiss


Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers

Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation

da:Scandinavian Airlines System de:Scandinavian Airlines System fr:Scandinavian Airlines System ja:スカンジナビア航空 sv:Scandinavian Airlines

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