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Somaliland

From Academic Kids

Somaliland (Somali: Soomaaliland) is a former British territory located in the northwest region of Somalia in the Horn of Africa. In May of 1991, northern clans declared an independent Republic of Somaliland that now includes five of the eighteen administrative regions of Somalia, roughly the region between Ethiopia, Djibouti and the Gulf of Aden, an area of about 137,600 square kilometres. The capital of Somaliland is Hargeisa.

Although not recognized by any government, this entity has maintained a stable existence, aided by the overwhelming dominance of a ruling clan and economic infrastructure left behind by British, Russian, and American military assistance programs.

Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland
Republic of Somaliland
Flag of Somaliland
(In Detail)
National motto: none
Official language Somali
Capital Hargeisa
President Dahir Riyale Kahin
Area
 - Total
 

137,600 km
Population
 - Total
 - Density

1,000,000 - 1,500,000
25/km
Independence
 - Declared
 - Recognition
From Somalia
 - 1991
 - none
Currency Somaliland shilling
Time zone UTC+3
National anthem  ?
Internet TLD none
Calling code 252
Contents

History

Formerly the British Somaliland Protectorate, shortly after gaining independence British Somaliland merged with Italian Somaliland in 1960 to form Somalia. The prime minister of British Somaliland, Ibrahim Egal, became a minister in the new republic of Somalia. He became Prime Minister in 1967 but a coup deposed him in 1969.

In 1991, after the collapse of the government in Somalia, the territory asserted its independence as the Republic of Somaliland, although it has received little if any international recognition. Egal was elected president in 1993, re-elected in 1998 and remained in power until his death on May 3, 2002. The vice president Dahir Riyale Kahin was declared the new president shortly afterwards.

Since independence Somaliland has been trying to extend its domination to Sanaag and Sool regions. Colonel Abdullahi Yusuf's Puntlander forces have led several invasions to defend these areas considered to be a part of Puntland State.

Somaliland is trying to declare independence but without Sanag and Sool it is lacking the land needed to make the state economically viable.

Geography

Missing image
Somaliland-map-en.png
Region claimed by Somaliland

Somaliland borders Djibouti, Ethiopia and Puntland. The 6 regions of Somalia within Somaliland include:

The general population has been estimated as between 2.5 - 3.5 million. Estimates put the population of the capital Hargeisa at 500,000 to 800,000, although these estimates are unreliable as a result of no census having been taken recently, and the rapid urbanisation in the Somalia and Somaliland regions since 1991.

See also

External links


Template:Somalia Regionsda:Somaliland de:Somaliland et:Somaalimaa fr:Somaliland hu:Szomlifld id:Somaliland it:Somaliland ja:ソマリランド lt:Somalilandas nl:Somaliland pl:Somaliland sa:सोमालिलैंड sv:Somaliland zh:索马里兰

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