Ara Gaya

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Ara Gaya, also known as Asiryangguk (아시량국, 阿尸良國), Ana Gaya (아나가야, 阿羅伽倻), and Alla (안라, 安羅) was a kingdom of the Gaya confederacy, in modern day Haman County of South Korea. As the confrontational foreign policy of Daegaya failed, Ara Gaya and its less confrontational policy gained support in 540s.

By the 6th century, Gaya could not risk hostility of either Baekje or Silla. Ara Gaya put a great deal of effort into pursuing a diplomatic solution for maintaining its independence, including hostage of international meetings with Baekje, Silla and Japan.

But Gaya was too weak by that time; Northwestern Gaya states fell to Baekje influence and southeastern Gaya states fell to Silla influence. Ara Gaya sought its independence by allying with Goguryeo and asked Goguryeo to invade Baekje in 548. But this attempt to weaken Baekje influence failed as Goguryeo failed this campaign.

In 550s, Silla defeated Baekje and occupied Gyeonggi area. Silla also invaded Gaya to eliminate Baekje influence of Gaya. Ara Gaya surrendered to Silla in 559.

See also

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