Cambyses

From Academic Kids

Cambyses or Cambese is Greek version of the name of several monarchs of Achaemenid line of ancient Persia. The same name appears as Kambujiya or perhaps Kambaujiya or Kamboujiya in old Persian, as C-n-b-n-z-y in Aramaic, Kambuzia in Assyran, Kambythet in Egyptian, Kam-bu-zi-ia in Akkadian, Kan-bu-zi-ia in Elemite, and Kanpuziya in Susian language.

Careful review of Old Persian Inscriptions and the classical writings reveal at least three Cambyses in the dynastic line of Achaemenids.

Cambyses I ( Kambujiya I) was an earlier member of Achaemenid line (7th C BCE) . He was probably the son and the successor of Teispes of Anshan, who himself was the successor of Achaemenes the founder of the Dynasty.

This Cambyses must not be confounded with later Cambyses, the son of Cyrus I, who was in fact the second of the name in line of Persian kings (Herod., VII.II)

Cambyses II (Kambujiya II) was son of Cyrus I and had ruled Anshan from 600 -559 BCE. He was a persian king of good family whom king Astyages of Media, had married his daughter Mandane. The issue of this union was Cyrus II, the Great (Herod., I, 46, 107).

Cambyses III (Kambujiya III) was son and successor of Cyrus II the great and had ruled Persia from 530 - 522 BCE. He is famous for his conquest of Egypt and the havoc he had wrought upon that country.

Noted scholars like Dr C. Lassen, Dr S. Levi, Dr E. Kuhn, Dr J. Charpentier, Dr M. Witzel and numerous others have linked the royal name Kambujiya of the Achaemenid line with the ethnic name Kamboja of the ancient Sanskrit/Pali texts or king Ashoka's Rock Edicts.

See also the following for comparison:

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