Chronology of Soviet secret police agencies

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List of Soviet secret police agencies, the Soviet secret police agencies and their different names are as follows chronologically.

Note. For most items listed there the secret policy operations were only a part of their functions.

The first secret police after the Russian Revolution, created by Lenin's decree on December 20 1917, was called "Cheka" (ЧК). Officers were referred to as chekists, a name that is still applied to people under the FSB of Russia, the KGBs successor.

February 6, 1922 Cheka becomes GPU, a section of the NKVD of the Russian SFSR.

November 15, 1923 GPU is reorganized into OGPU under Council of People's Commissars of the USSR.

July 10, 1934 OGPU becomes GUGB of NKVD of the USSR; NKVD of the Russian SFSR ceases to exist.

  • NKVD + GUGB - "Main Directorate for State Security"

Both GUGB and NKVD are headed by the same person.

February 3, 1941 the GUGB of NKVD is separated into the NKGB.

March 18, 1946 all People's Commissariates are renamed to Ministries

March 5, 1953 MVD and MGB are merged into the MVD by Lavrenty Beria.

March 13, 1954 newly independent force becomes the KGB, as Beria is purged and the MVD divests itself again of the functions of secret policing. Now after renames and tulmults, the KGB remains stable untill 1991.

After the State Emergency Committee fails to overthrow Gorbachev and Yeltsin takes over, General Vadim Bakatin is given instructions to dissolve the KGB.

Related article

External links

  • Official history of the MVD of Russia: 1917-1930 (http://www.mvdinform.ru/index.php?docid=367) 1931-1945 (http://www.mvdinform.ru/index.php?docid=368) 1946-1965 (http://www.mvdinform.ru/index.php?docid=369) 1966-1985 (http://www.mvdinform.ru/index.php?docid=370) 1986-1993 (http://www.mvdinform.ru/index.php?docid=371) (in Russian)
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