Frilled shark

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Frilled shark
Missing image
Frilled_shark.png



Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Chondrichthyes
Order:Hexanchiformes
Family:Chlamydoselachidae
Genus:Chlamydoselachus
Species:anguineus
Binomial name
Chlamydoselachus anguineus
Garman, 1884

The frilled shark or frill shark (Chlamydoselachus anguineus) is a primitive shark, the sole living member of the Chlamydoselachidae in the order Hexanchiformes. It is very different from the other hexanchiform sharks, and it has been recently proposed that the frilled shark should be given its own order: Chlamydoselachiformes. Additional extinct types are known from fossil teeth.

Superficially the frilled shark resembles a dark brown or gray eel, but the six gill slits identify it as a shark. The tissue of the gill slits protudes somewhat, thus inspiring the common name. Its dorsal fin is small, anal fin large, and the caudal fin is highly asymmetric, the ventral part almost unnoticeable. Its teeth are small, tricuspid, and very sharp. It has been recorded at up to 2 meters in length.

Distribution is worldwide, but they seem to be uncommon across this range. The sharks are usually found at depths of 120 m to 1,300 m. They typically eat other sharks, squid, and bony fish.

Reproduction is not well understood, but like many other sharks they bear live young, with litter sizes of 2–12. It has been suggested that the gestation period is about 3.5 years, which would give the frilled shark the longest gestation of any vertebrate, considerably exceeding the elephant's period of 22 months.

Frilled sharks appear regularly in the catches from bottom trawling, and when caught are used as food or for fishmeal.

External link

Shark articles
Angel | Basking | Blacktip Reef | Blue | Bull | Carpet | Cat | Cookiecutter | Freshwater | Frilled | Goblin | Gray Reef | Grey Nurse | Great White | Hammerhead | Mako | Megamouth | Nurse | Oceanic Whitetip | Porbeagle | Requiem | River | Sand | Sandbar | Saw | Silky | Sleeper | Smooth dogfish | Thresher | Tiger | Whale (shark) | Whitetip reef | Wobbegong | Zebra / Leopard
Extinct shark species
Megalodon | Cladoselache | Squalicorax

da:Kravehaj de:Kragenhai nl:Franjehaai

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