Giovanni Verga

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Giovanni Verga (2 September 1840 - 27 January 1922) was an Italian realist writer, best known for his depictions of life in Sicily, and especially for the short story Cavalleria rusticana.

Verga was born into a prosperous family of Catania in Sicily. He began writing in his teens, producing the mostly unpublished historical novel Amore e Patria (Love and Country); then, although nominally studying law at Catania University, he used some of the money to publish his I Carbonari della montaga (The Carbonari in the Mountains) in 1861 and 1862. This was followed by Sulle lagune (In the Lagoons) in 1863.

Meanwhile, Verga had been serving in the Catania National Guard (1860-64), after which he travelled to Florence several times, settling there in 1869.

He moved to Milan in 1872, where he developed his new approach, characterized by the use of dialogue to develop character, which resulted in his most significant works. In 1880 his story collection Vita dei campi (Life in the Fields), most of which were about rural Sicily, came out; it included the Cavalleria rusticana, which was adapted for the theater and later the libretto of the Mascagni opera.

He then embarked on a projected series of five novels, but only completed two, the I Malavoglia and Mastro Don Gesualdo (1889), the latter of which was the last major work of his literary career.

In 1894 Verga moved back to the house he was born in, where he died of a cerebral thrombosis in 1922.fr:Giovanni Verga it:Giovanni Verga scn:Giovanni Verga

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