Humboldt Penguin

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Humboldt Penguin
Conservation status: Vulnerable
Missing image
Humboldtpinguin.jpg
Humboldt Penguin


Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Sphenisciformes
Family:Spheniscidae
Genus:Spheniscus
Species:S. humboldti
Binomial name
Spheniscus humboldti
Meyen, 1834

The Humboldt Penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) is a South American penguin, breeding in coastal Peru and Chile. Its nearest relatives are the African Penguin, the Magellanic Penguin and the Galapagos Penguin.

Humboldt Penguins are medium-sized, black and white penguins, growing to 53 cm tall. They have a black head with a white border running from behind the eye, around the black ear-coverts and chin, to join on the throat. They have blackish-grey upperparts and whitish underparts, with a black breast-band extending down the flanks to the thigh. They have a fleshy-pink base to the bill. Juveniles have dark heads and no breast-band.

This penguin nests on islands and rocky coasts, burrowing holes in guano and sometimes using scrapes or caves.

The current status of this penguin is vulnerable, due to a declining population caused in part by over-fishing. Historically it was the victim of guano over-exploitation.

External link

it:Spheniscus humboldti nl:Humboldt-pingun ja:フンボルトペンギン

Notes

If held in a certain way they can look like turtles, or tortises without shells. They are quite similar to a lot of amphibians.

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