List of High Kings of Ireland

From Academic Kids

The High Kingship of Ireland was a pseudohistorical construct of the eighth century AD, a projection into the distant past of a political entity that did not become reality until the ninth century. The traditional list of High Kings of Ireland is thus a mixture of fact, fiction and propaganda, the individuals appearing prior to the fifth century AD are generally considered legendary and the application of the title to individuals before the ninth century being anachronistic. The annalists frequently describe later high kings as righ erenn co fressabra ("Kings Irish with Opposition), which is a reference to the instability of the kingship of Tara from the death of Mael Sechnaill II in 1022, the last Uí Niall king; who had been restored to the throne following the death of Brian Boru in 1014, who had taken the throne from him in 1002. The example of Brian's coup was followed by numerous other families in the century following 1022, which was effectively ended by the Norman quasi-conquest of Ireland in 1171 - or perhaps not ended but put into very cold storage during the subsequent eight centuries of English/British rule. The period between 1022 and 1171 is thus sometimes called 'The Great Civil War' while the Irish civil war proper, 1921-1922, is sometimes called 'The Little Civil War' - but this distinction is far from being a standard view of Irish history.

Contents

High Kings of Ireland, 1934 BC - 1186 AD

AFM: chronology from the Annals of the Four Masters; FFE: chronology based on reign-lengths given in Seathrún Céitinn's Forus Feasa ar Erinn. Both were compiled ca. 1634 from much the same sources. Cétinn's chronology is considerably shorter than the Four Masters'.

Fir Bolg High Kings

AFM 1934-1897 BC; FFE 1514-1477 BC

Tuatha Dé Danann High Kings

AFM 1897-1700 BC; FFE 1477-1287 BC

(Many if not all of these Kings are, in origin, ancient Irish deities)

Milesian High Kings

AFM 1700 BC - 76 AD; FFE 1287 BC - 80 AD

(AFM: interregnum 1544-1537 BC)
(AFM: Interregnum 40-33 BC)

High Kings, 76-458

High Kings of Ireland, 459-831

  • Ailill Molt 459-478
  • Lughaid mac Loeguire 479-503
  • Daui Tenga Uma
  • Muircheartach 504-527
  • Tuathal Maelgarbh 528-538
  • Diarmaid mac Cearbhaill 539-558
  • Domhnall and Fearghus 559-561
  • Eochaidh and Baedan 562-563
  • Ainmire 564-566
  • Baedan 567
  • Aedh 568-594
  • Aedh Slaine and Colman Rimidh 595-600
  • Aedh Uairidhnach 601-607
  • Maelcobha 608-610
  • Suibhne Meann/Suibhne Gelt/King Sweeney 611-623
  • Domhnall 624-639
  • Ceallach and Conall Cael 640-656
  • Diarmaid and Blathmac 657-664
  • Seachnasach 665-669
  • Ceannfaeladh 670-673
  • Finnachta Fleadhach 674-693
  • Loingseach 694-701
  • Congal of Ceann Maghair 702-708
  • Fearghal 709-718
  • Forgartach 719
  • Cinaeth 720-722
  • Flaithbheartach 723-729
  • Aedh Allan 730-738
  • Domhnall 739-758
  • Niall Frosach 759-765
  • Donnchadh 766-792
  • Aedh Oirdnidhe 793-817
  • Conchobar 818-831

High Kings of Ireland, 832-1318

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