List of political parties in India

From Academic Kids

Template:Politics of India Political parties in India lists political parties in India. India has a multi-party system with a predominance of small regional parties. National parties are those that are recognized in four or more states. They are accorded this status by the Election Commission of India, which periodically reviews the election results in various states. This recognition helps the political parties to claim unique ownership of certain identities, such as the party symbol, until the next review of their status. Below are national parties as per October 2004.


The parties

The listed names of Indian political parties differs from the general rule of Wikipedia. The names listed are generally the names as they have been registered at the Election Commission of India. In some cases an unoffical English translation is present in brackets, though some of these parties seldom use the English version. Rationale and specifics: See: Wikipedia:Naming conventions (use English).

The Constitution of India stipulates that India be a federal polity with a central government in New Delhi, and state governments for the various states and Union territories. Consequently, political parties in India are classified as national and state (regional) parties based on their realms of influence.

National parties

State parties

Parties that have received certain amount of votes or seats in a state might be recognized as a state party by the Election Commission. Recognition as a state party given the party the possibilty to reserve a particular election symbol in the concerned state. A party might be recognized in more than one state. A party recognized in four states is automatically recognized as a national party. Below is the list of recognized state parties ahead of the Maharashtra & Arunachal Pradesh state assembly elections in October 2004. The states where the party has gained recognition is also stated, although the party may very well be active in more states and territories than that.

Registered Unrecognized Parties

The large number of political parties are registered at the Election Commission, without having gained any recognition as National or State parties. In many cases registrations remain, although the party in question might have disbanded or merged into another formation several years ago. Below is the list of 718 registered unrecognized parties as published by the Election Commission in ahead of September 2004 elections:
























Other parties

Many political parties in India are never registered at the Election Commission.

Parties from the past


Since 1990, the Indian electorate has consistently thrown fragmented verdicts both at the state and national levels. This has led parties with minimal (and sometimes considerable) ideological differences to come together as a loose federation of parties to stake claim for power. The following are coalitions of political parties in India.

Political parties listed by relationship

Short Indian Political Dictionary (language is Hindi unless mentioned otherwise):
Abhiyan Campaign
Akhil All
Bahujan Majority*
Bharatiya Indian
Biplob Revolution (Bengali)
Dal Party
Dalit Scheluded Caste group
Gana People (Assamese, Bengali, Oriya)
Ganatantra Democracy (Bengali, m.m.)
Gorkha Nepali-speaking ethnic group
Ekta United
Jan People
Janata Popular
Jantantrik Democratic
Katchi Party (Tamil)
Kazhagam Federation (Tamil)
Kisan Peasant
Kranti Revolution
Lehar Stream
Lok People
Loktantrik Democratic
Maha- Great
Manch Platform
Makkal People (Tamil)
Morcha Front
Mukti Liberation
Munnetra Progressive (Tamil)
Paksha Party (Marathi, Kannada)
Parishad Association
Peravai Front (Tamil)
Pokx Party (Konkani)
Praja People
Prajatantrik Democratic
Rajya State
Rashtriya National
Samaj Society
Samajwadi Socialist
Sammelan Conference
Samiti Association
Samyavadi Communist
Samyukt United
Sangh Union
Shakti Power
Suraksha Defence
Swatantra Independence
Trinamool Grassroot
Vikas Development
*Used in the meaning that 85% of the population of India belongs to lower castes.

See also

External links

Official party sites

Other sites

ta:இந்திய அரசியல் கட்சிகள்


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