Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk

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(Redirected from MH-60 Black Hawk)
UH-60 Black Hawk
UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter

UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter
Description
RoleUtility and assault
Crew3 or 4
First Flight
Entered Service
ManufacturerSikorsky Aircraft Corporation of Stratford, Connecticut, a division of United Technologies Corporation.
Dimensions
Length64 ft 10 in19.76 m
Height16 ft 10 in5.13 m
Weights
Empty10,624 lb4,819 kg
Loaded16,260 lb7,375 kg
Maximum takeoff20,250 lb9,185 kg
Capacity
Powerplant
EnginesTwo General Electric T700-700 free-turbine turboshafts
Power1,560 hp1,163 kW
Performance
Maximum speed184 mph296 km/h
Combat range368 miles592 km
Ferry range1,380 miles2,220 km
Service ceilingftm
Rate of climbft/minm/min
Wing loadinglb/ft²kg/m²
Thrust/Weight
Power/Masshp/lbkW/kg
Avionics
Avionics
Armament
GunsTwo 7.62 mm machine guns
Bombs
Missiles
Rockets
Other Can be equipped with VOLCANO minefield dispersment system

The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk is a medium-lift utility or assault helicopter used by over 20 nations. It is in service with the armies of Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Brazil, Brunei, the People's Republic of China, Colombia, Egypt, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, the Philippines, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Republic of China (Taiwan), Thailand, and Turkey, but is best known as the primary utility and assault helicopter of the United States Army.

It can perform a wide array of missions, including air cavalry, electronic warfare, and aeromedical evacuation: several Black Hawks are even used to transport the President of the United States as Marine One. In air assault operations it can move a squad of 11 combat troops and equipment or carry the 105 mm M102 howitzer, thirty rounds of ammunition, and a six-man crew. Alternatively, it can carry 2,600 lb (1,170 kg) of cargo or sling load 9,000 lb (4,050 kg) of cargo. The Black Hawk is equipped with advanced avionics and electronics, such as the global positioning system.

The HH-60G Pave Hawk is a highly modified version of the Black Hawk primarily designed to recover downed aircrew or other isolated personnel during war. Some versions, such as the Air Force MH-60G Pave Hawk and the United States Coast Guard HH-60J Jayhawk, are equipped with a rescue hoist with a 250 ft (75 m) cable that has a 600 lb (270 kg) lift capability, and a retractable in-flight refueling probe.

The Black Hawk was developed to meet a US Army requirement for a UH-1 Iroquois replacement in 1972. Three prototypes were constructed, the first flying in October 1974, and evaluated against a rival Boeing-Vertol design. The Black Hawk was selected for production and the UH-60A entered service with the US Army in 1979. In the late 1980s the model was upgraded to the UH-60L which featured more power and lift with the upgrade to the 701 model of the GE engines. A newer model being engineered, which will extend the service life of both UH-60A's and UH-60L's well into the 2020s, features still more power and lift and state of the art electronic instrumentation, flight controls and aircraft navigation control.

The United States Navy received the first navalised SH-60B Seahawks in 1983 and the SH-60F in 1988. The United States Air Force received the MH-60G Pave Hawk in 1982 while the United States Coast Guard received the HH-60J Jayhawk in 1992. The unit cost varies with the version. For example, the unit cost of the Army's UH-60L Black Hawk is $5.9 million while the unit cost of the Air Force MH-60G Pave Hawk is $10.2 million.

The S-70A Firehawk is a version of the Black Hawk designed for firefighting, rescue, medical evacuation, and external lift of bulky cargo and equipment. The Oregon National Guard was the first military organization in the world to add the Firehawk to its inventory; the Los Angeles County Fire Department was the first municipal organization.

The Army also flies medical evacuation models which are configured as rotary winged medical suites. They also used the Blackhawks for special operations by the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment ("Night Stalkers") known as the MH-60K at Fort Campbell, Kentucky.

When firing the GAU minigun, voice communications in the cabin is greatly impaired and so alternative communications should be planned for.

Missing image
UH-60_dimensions.png
Dimensions of a UH-60 helicopter

Related topics

External links

Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk - Sikorsky HH-60 Pave Hawk - Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk


Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers

Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation

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