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Missing image
Joseph_Nicéphore_Niépce.jpg
Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1795

Missing image
View_from_the_Window_at_Le_Gras,_Joseph_Nicéphore_Niépce.jpg
Nicéphore Niépce's first photograph, circa 1826

Joseph Nicéphore Niépce (March 7, 1765July 5, 1833) was a French inventor, most noted as a pioneer in photography. He also worked on improved designs of pumps and early internal combustion engines. He was born in Chalon-sur-Saône.

The first successful permanent photograph was produced by Niépce. He began experimenting with processes to set optical images in 1793. Some of his early experiments produced images, but they faded rapidly. He was said to have first produced long lasting images in 1824. The earliest known surviving example of a Niépce photograph (or any other photograph) was created in June or July of 1827 (or 1826, according to some sources). Niépce called his process "heliography", meaning "sun writing". It was a slow process which required perhaps some 8 hours of bright sunlight to affix the image; therefore it was used to photograph buildings and inanimate objects, but could not be used to photograph people.

Starting in 1829 he began collaborating on improved photographic processes with Louis Daguerre. Niépce died suddenly of a stroke in 1833.

As of 2004 Niépce's photograph, View from the Window at Le Gras, is on display in the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center at the University of Texas at Austin.

External link

fr:Joseph Nicéphore Niepce it:Joseph Nicephore Niepce nl:Joseph Nicephore Niépce pl:Joseph-Nicéphore Niepce zh:尼埃普斯

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